Cow – Utility of a mother :
We talk a lot about pollution and environment but we do not realize the importance of the existence of cow in keeping environment pollution free and pure. There is no better instrument to fight pollution and environmental problem, than cows.
Every Hindu before his last breath wants to donate a cow, drinks gangajal and listens to Geeta or recite Gayatri Mantra. Ganga unfortunately is being polluted, study of Geeta is hardly seen, we have forgotten Gayatri Mantra. There is utter devaluation of our culture and Hinduism. Cow is in the centre point of our culture of Sages and culture of agriculture. Ashramas of sages used to have goshalas and a number of healthy cows used to be there. Cows used to give them milk and nutrition to all the scholars who have enriched our ancient scripture of Veda and Upanishada. Students used to take their education in Gurukuls and then join grihastha ashrama. These all contributed to a better and healthier society. Cows were well protected and well bred. Even Lord Krishna loved to call him Gopala (Server of Cow).
Cow has financial importance, but should we see it only from that angle? In our scripture veda gou (cow) has been given the status of mother. There are five mothers in every Hindu’s life 1. Biological mother, 2. Gomata, 3. Earth (Bhumata), 4. Mother Goddess, 5. Ganga Mata, why so much importance is given to gomata in our scriptures, Vedas and Puranas? Cow is the symbol of love, compassion, tolerance as our mother. She is soft natured as my mother is. She gives us milk which gives us healthy and nutrition.
Gomata and Yagna is almost synonymous . It is not possible to perform yagna without cowghee. It makes our yagna successful. Gomata is past and also future.
Sayang pratashchya satatang homkale mahadyute!
Gawo dadati wai homyamrishibhyo purusharshava!!
Hay glorious Sage! Cow only gives you the ghee, etc needed for your havan in the morning and in the evening.
Our culture gives importance to cow amongst all animals Gou and Brahman belongs to the same clan. Both are pure soul. Brahmana performs yagna and recites Ved mantra. Gomata supplies all that is required for havan.
Rigveda mantra has given cow the status of immortality it is the navel of nectar.
Mata rudranang duhita vasunang Swasaditya namamsitasya nabhi
Pra nu wochong chikitushai janai maa gamagamaditing vadhishtha
I have created gou (cow) for the nutrition of you all. Every bit of cow makes the world sacred, urine of cow. Cowdung, milk, curd, ghee (panchagabya) if consumed curbs sin. A religious person will consume cow milk, curd or ghee. They are the best in the world and the holiest and liked by every one. Anna (Food) keeps its impact for five days, milk seven days, curd twenty days and ghee one month. Gou gives us dharma, astha, kama and moksha (gou purushartha).
The place smeared with cowdung is sacred. That is why there is a custom of smearing cowdung in kitchen and place where yagna is performed. Laxmi stays in cowdung in gomutra. Sacred ganges in cowmilk, ghee stays in somdev and Goddess Saraswati is gorachana. Yagna is the incarnation of Vishnu and he stays in every part of cow. That is why cow is considered to be the symbol of God Vishnu. As nectar consumed by vayu, agni, subarna, samudra and gods is never considered as lea rings in the same way if calf drinks milk of cow is never spoiled. Cow is the greatest creation in the world. Nectar acquired from Samudra manthan was kept protected in the navel of cow. This signifies the importance of cow in our life.
In Puranas there is a mention of “GomatiVidya” or “go Savitri stotra”. These two scriptures are written by Vyasdev. In the puranas it is mentioned that for the welfare of the Earth best way is to perform yagna and study veda. Yagna performance is totally dependent on cow milk products. Crops are grown by oxen and charu, havishya, purodash is made out of the crops.
Glory of cow is depicted in Vishnudharmattara Shivdharmattara purana, symbol of dharma is ox.
In the stable (goshala) of Srirama there were numerous cows. They were looked after well. Godaan is performed from these cows. In Ramrajya. cow was worshipped and service to cow was the duty of king
Satvik Shraddha dhenu Suhai I
Jou hari kripa diye bas aayeeII
Jap tap brat jam niyam aparaI
Je shruti kah shubh dharma achara II
Tei trina harit charai jab gai I
Bhav vadha sishu pai penhai II
Maharaj Janak donated one thousand cows, yagnavalk rishi was the priest in this yagna.
This donation was much greater than heavenly belonging.
According to Valmiki Ramayan Sri Rama donated thousand cows to a Brahmin named Trijata.
Sateertwa sarayuparang, dandastashya karachyuta I
Go braje bahusahasre papatokshnang sanidhou II
In the words of Maharshi Vashishth :
Gabo pavitrang puranang gabo mangalya muktamam I
Gabo swarasya sapanang gabo dhanya sanatana II
Cows are sacred, passage to heaven, meant for the welfare of mankind and ancient.
Vipra dhenu sura santa hita linha manuj avtar I
Nij ichha nirmit tanu maya gun go par II
When Bharat came to meet Sri Ram in the forest he asked him “
“are you protecting and serving your cows? Are you protecting the gop (the person who takes care of cows?” Cow is respected in whole world. The way we worship cow, Parsees worship Ox. In the old coins of Egypt Ox is marked Golden calf is worshiped in Egypt. The image of Ox is found in Pyramids which was built several thousand years before Christ.
In Indian culture cow is of utmost importance. Every rural house mostly possess a cow. There children grown up with the calf . We also bring up the calf like our children. We even do namsansakara of the calf. Before Diwali in the 12th day of moon in the month Aswin Varsa or namkaransanskar is done every year. This day is known as Vasu Baras, we worship cow and calf also. On Gopastmi parv also we worship cowmother.
In the same way Oxen are worshipped. This is done in no moon day (amavasya). This day is known as pithori Amavasya. Oxen gets rest on this day and they are decorated with garlands and ornaments. Farmer wives takes out their paijeb (ornament of the ankle) and puts it on oxen. They prepare puranpoli (sweet roti) and offer to ox. A rally of such decorated oxen is taken out with all pomp and grandeur. This is a way of showing our gratitude to oxen who serves for us for the whole life. This is the soul of Indian culture. It has compassion for each and every living being. We see divinity in every soul.
In astrology cow is :-
Sarve deva sthita dehe sarbadevamayi hi gou I
Cow is very important in our life. God resides in body of cow. We can protect ourselves with goutantra vidya and go mati mantra vigyan. “Godan (donation of cow) is a very sacred act of each Hindu. We can protect ourselves from accident, pretbadha (supernatural power) delay in marriage, delay in court case and even for cure of weakness. Service to cow is a noble cause and gives us prosperity and hurdle free life.
Veda has declared “etad wai, viswaroopang, sarvaroopang, gorupam’. “Cow is the incarnation of universe (visya brahmanda). It is mentioned in Brahm and puran, Mahabharata). Padampurana, Atharvaveda, Bhavishya Purana and Skandpurana.
Gabo yagnasya hi phalang goshu yagna pratisthitaI
Gau a sewa tu kartabya grihasthai punya lipsubhi II
Gawa sewaparo yastu tasya sribardhate chirat I
In astrology in case of planetary problem gosewa is the main way to get rid of.
According to the swapna vigyan (Science of dreams) a dream of cow is beneficial and curative. A sight of cow before starting a journey is holy :-
|1.||Drinking milk directly from the breast of gomata||Achievement, getting son|
|2.||To give birth to a calf||Getting wealth and son|
|3.||Riding a cow or ox||Symbol of good happening|
|4.||Drinking freshly taken out milk||Person will be very happy|
|5.||Sight of curd or consuming curd||Acquire happiness and sudden wealth|
|6.||Sight of pot filled up with curd||To receive plenty of wealth|
|7.||See ghee or consume ghee||Achieve fame and victory in court case|
|8.||Consuming curd and rice||To become successful in work|
|9.||To ride on ox||To get valuable articles|
|10.||To serve gomata or worship||To be free from diseases|
|11.||To see intercourse of ox and cow||Enhancement in the family|
|12.||To see black cow||To be free from dangerous disease, to be free from sudden danger|
|13.||Drink gomutra (cow urine)||To be free from disease and achieve peace and prosperity|
Cowdung and cowurine:-
Very effective poisons like Sankhia, bhilava can be neutralized by cow urine. Gold and silver is also purified by cowurine.
Cow is full of positive energy. Cowurine is a divine chemical. It neutralize the effects of poison and purifies our heart, lever, kidney, intestines and all organs of our body. Taking both with one spoon cow urine in the water protects us from all infections and germs. In Nagpur one electric clock is run by cowurine in place of batteries. Cow urine is full of potassium, calcium, magnesium, chloride, urea, phosphoros, ammonia, creatinia and salt also. It is very good for farmers. It works as an insecticide. It prevents skin disease also.
For this reason in the sanatorium of Italy cowdung is used. Cow is a mobile dispensary. Panchagabya has wonderful results. Cow urine has been described as an unique thing in our ancient scriptures like, charak samhita, rajnighanta, bridhuphagbhatta, amritsagar. It is carbolic acid, that is why it is pure and sacred. In the urine of pregnant cow hormones exist.Today cows should be well protected by law, Farmers and gardeners should use cowdung fertilizer. Number of articles can be made from cowdung and cowurine. This can be produced as cottage industries in our villages and help in income generation.
It is time that we rectify the old mistakes. Animal husbandry should be done scientifically and in a natural way. Animals should be kept well and fed well. There should be enough place for grazing of animals.
Animal husbandry contributes 6 p.c. national income of our country. It gives us fertilizers and are loaders. It is used for oil refineries (ghani) and also squeezes sugarcanes. Six percent Banjaras live on animal rearing. Bullock carts are very important means of transportation and loaders.
Good grazing land develops in a place where rain is good and not dry more than 3 – 4 months. Government has kept grazing bud in their master plans but gradually they are being encroached or not maintained. Every panchayat should be given this work and small shallow tanksm for drinking water of animals in the grazeland.
God has created human being with enough intelligence and conscience. It is expected from human being that they will maintain natures beautiful gift and not destroy it for their selfish motives.
The trees used in grazeland are : Maharukh bans (bamboo), anjan, choti marbel, sen, shersi, augusti, munga, stylo grass etc.